Near-misses are a learning opportunities. But our outcome bias can make us blind to these opportunities.
What was fit-for-purpose 3 years ago may no longer be fit for purpose now. We knew this when we were 8. Now that we are responsible for the success of our organisations, why have we forgotten this?
IT projects and other planned changes frequently fail - They exceed budgets, timelines, or fail to deliver the expected benefits. It may not be a technology problem. It may be a people problem. And there could be a very rational reason for this problem that should have been considered from the start.
The four phases of the W4 Methodology - Where, What, Why, What (Now) - includes four clear milestones. Each milestone proves the progress you are making as you pragmatically move from your current situation to your desired future state.